Anatomy and Physiology Online: Semester 1

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Starting with the relationship between anatomy and physiology, students will then learn about cell structure and their processes. Learners will also discover the functions and purposes of the skeletal, muscular, nervous, and cardiovascular systems, as well as diseases that affect those systems. Students will learn about the structure, function, and interrelation between the lymphatic, immune, respiratory, digestive, urinary, and the endocrine systems. The reproductive system is also discussed along with hereditary traits and genetics. Finally, students will explore the importance of accurate patient documentation as well as technology used in the industry.

When enrolling in the full year option of this course, it will be delivered in two semesters. Transcripts will reflect each semester separately.

Unit 1: Human Body Organization
• Define and discuss the terms anatomy and physiology and their relationship to one another
• Describe the levels of organization of the human body from simple to complex
• Define and describe the anatomical positions and directional terms used in human anatomy
• Locate and describe the main regions, sections, and cavities of the body
Unit 2: Chemistry of the Body
• Summarize the relationships among homeostasis, control systems, and feedback loops
• Explain the structure and function of typical cells
• Explain mitosis and meiosis: their similarities and differences
• Describe and discuss how damage to one type of cell and/or tissue may impact the function of other cells and tissues
Unit 3: The Skeletal System
• Describe the structure and function of bones
• Identify the different types of bones
• Differentiate between the axial and appendicular skeleton
• Classify joints and their specific functions
• Summarize common diseases and disorders of the skeletal system
Unit 4: The Muscular System
• Explain the structure and function of muscles and muscle tissue
• Describe the sliding filament theory
• Interpret the names of various muscles based on Latin terms
• Distinguish between a muscle strain and other muscle injuries
Unit 5: The Nervous System
• Outline the organization and functions of the central and autonomic nervous systems
• Locate and identify the major regions of the brain and describe their functions
• Analyze the basic structure and functions of the cranial nerves, spinal cord, and special sense organs
• Discuss common diseases and disorders of the neurological system
Unit 6: The Integumentary System
• Analyze the structure and function of the integumentary systems
• Discuss potential alterations in skin integrity
• Demonstrate the knowledge and skill related to performing effective hand hygiene
• Identify and analyze common diseases and disorders of the integumentary system
Unit 7: Essential Knowledge About Blood
• Distinguish between the various types of blood vessels
• Demonstrate knowledge of the composition of blood
• Identify the different ABO compatibilities
• Describe various disorders and diseases of the blood and its components
Unit 8: The Cardiovascular System and the Heart
• Describe the structure and function of the heart and circulatory pathways
• Compare and contrast systemic and pulmonary circulation
• Summarize the path for electrical conduction in the heart
• Discuss common diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular system

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