Earth Science Grades 9-12 Print Credit Recovery

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Earth science is the study of the systems of Earth and the cosmos. The systems of the Earth include the atmosphere we breath to the land on which we live. The cosmos is the universe including the stars, galaxies, and solar system. The study of all the Earth is important for the understanding of our impact on the environment and space.

Course Objectives

This study material is designed to provide students with an understanding of physical and historical geology. After reading the required text and completing the exercises found in the Study Guide, you will be able to:

·         define vocabulary terms important to the study of earth science.

·         recognize the planet Earth’s place in the universe.

·         describe physical features of the earth.

·         categorize minerals based on their properties.

·         describe the action of plate tectonics, volcanism and earthquakes.

·         draw and label a typical volcano.

·         differentiate between igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rock.

·         diagram and explain the rock cycle.

·         describe weathering, soil formation, mass wasting and wind erosion.

·         compare weathering and soil formation in different climates.

·         explain the effects of running water, ground water, glaciers and geologic work of water and ice.

·         list the oceans and describe shorelines.

·         draw and label features of the ocean floor.

·         compare features of oceans to features of lakes.

·         compare and contrast lakes and swamps.

·         differentiate between plains, plateaus and mountains.

·         draw and label the zones of the lithosphere.

·         describe minerals and energy resources.

·         compare and contrast renewable and nonrenewable energy resources.

·         assess the human impact of burning fossil fuels on the earth.

·         list characteristics that tell the evolution of life forms on the earth through historical geology.

·         summarize basic historical geology about the origin and age of the earth and fossil records in rocks.

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